I'm not sure if there's a Jewish group here or not, but this group gets more traffic anyway. And this does tie into the Bible.

When the Assyrians wiped out the ten tribes to the north, did they really succeed in exterminating them entirely? In other words, are all Jews today really descended from Judah's tribe as the name would suggest? I'm asking from a Biblical standpoint, but an anthropology perspective is welcome.

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My non-biblical, historical understanding of the invasion was that most of the Jews in the conquered cities were held prisoner/enslaved. So there would have been to total genocide of any one tribe.

Yeah, that's what I was thinking, since

1. It would be freaking hard to kill or sterilize every member of ten different tribes. and

2. The Assyrians bred with the Hebrews, meaning that some Hebrews remained in Israel and were still capable of breeding.

But yeah, the captives were probably toast.

The Assyrian method of empire building was to inhabit the conquered lands with colonizers and ship off all the not killed original inhabitants into slavery in different parts of the empire. They also tended to castrate the males and rape the females, and/or forced race mixing their slaves. To answer your questions, those tribes are gone. The reason Judah survived is because Babylon followed a different model when they were conquered.

I knew the Assyrians colonized the land, and that's where the Samaritans came from. But since the Samaritans were part Hebrew, doesn't that imply that at least some of the other tribes remained in Israel? Assuming these remaining Hebrews were able to at least secretly procreate amongst themselves, what happened? Did they assimilate with Judah before Babylon carried them off? 

The wiki entry is prettt good.

-Samaritans says they split during civil war
-Jews say they're Assyrian converts
-DNA shows mixed lineage from time of Assyrian conquest

Good question

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